Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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Mewlānā Hunkiār
(158 words)

, a title of the head of the Mawlawl Order [see mawlawīya]. The second word is the Turkish form of the Persian k̲h̲udāwandg i ār, the equivalent of mawlā, which according to Aflākī (Saints des Derviches Tourneurs, i. 59) was bestowed on Ḏj̲alāl al-Dīn by his father. Sāmī in his Turkish Lexicon states that the word, besides being used for “Sulṭān”, “King”, is applied to certain saintly personages, in such combinations as pīr hunk i ār or mullā hunk i ār. The underlying idea of such a title is probably that the saint has had committed to him the government of the world, if he…

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Margoliouth, D. S., “Mewlānā Hunkiār”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 05 June 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_4655>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936

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