Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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Nūr Muḥammadī
(500 words)

, the technical term for the pre-existence of the soul of the Prophet Muḥammad; the predestined essence of the last of the prophets is said to have been created first of all, in the form of a dense and luminous point; all the predestined souls are saidto have emanated from this.

Among the Sunnīs, the idea first appears among the mystics in the third century a. h., then gradually begins to dominate popular worship (cf. Sahl Tustarī and Ḥakīm Tirmid̲h̲ī, in our Recueil…, 1929, p. 34, N°. 39 and p. 39); Abū Bakr Wāsiṭī, whose Ḥā Mīm al-Ḳidam should be identified with ch. i. of the Ṭawāsīn of Ḥallād̲j̲ …

Cite this page
Massignon, Louis, “Nūr Muḥammadī”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 20 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_3533>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936

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