Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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(617 words)

, the Indian name for an aggregate of villages. The first reference to this term in the chronicles of the Sultanate of Delhi appears to be in the Taʾrīk̲h̲-i Fīrūz S̲h̲āhī of S̲h̲ams-i Sirād̲j̲ ʿAfīf (Bibliotheca Indica, 1891, p. 99), for it is not used by Ḥasan al-Niẓāmī in his Tād̲j̲ al-Maʾāsir or by Minhād̲j̲ al-Dīn in his Ṭabaḳāt-i Nāṣirī. Although it first came into prominence in the xivth century partially superseding the term ḳaṣba, it is, in all probability, based on still more ancient divisions in existence before the Muslim conquest. The exact date of its c…

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Davies, C. Collin, “Pargana”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 08 April 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_3600>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936

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