Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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Riḍīya
(451 words)

(1236-1240 a. d.), the only woman to succeed to the throne of Dihlī during the period of Muslim rule, and, with the exception of S̲h̲ad̲j̲ar al-Durr [q. v.] of Egypt, the only female sovereign in the history of Islām.

After the death of his eldest son, Īltutmis̲h̲ [q. v.], despite the protests of his advisers, nominated his daughter Riḍīya as his successor on the grounds of her fitness to rule. On the death of Īltutmis̲h̲) the courtiers, disregarding the late king’s wishes, raised one of his sons, Rukn al-Dīn Fīrūz, to the throne. Th…

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Davies, C. Collin, “Riḍīya”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 25 February 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_3704>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936



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