Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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(336 words)

, a name of the ʿIrāḳ [q.v.]. While the name ʿIrāḳ has been proved to be a Pahlavi loanword (from Ērag, “low land, south land”, occurring in the Turfan fragments, with assimilation to the semantically connected stem ʿrḳ; cf. A. Siddiqi, Studien über die persischen Fremdwörter im klass. Arab., p. 69; H. H. Schaeder, Isl., xiv. 8—9; J. J. Hess, Zeitschr. f. Semitistik, ii.) sawāa “black land” is the oldest Arabic name for the alluvial land on the Euphrates and Tigris given on account of the contrast to the eye between it and the Arabian desert (Yāḳūt, Muʿd̲j̲am, iii. 174,14 sqq.). The name has u…

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Schaeder, H. H., “Sawād”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 01 October 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_5206>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936

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