Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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(760 words)

— This title given to the founder of a religious brotherhood is also borne by his successors at the head of the hierarchy of the order and also by the heads of the various branches.

The s̲h̲aik̲h̲ al-ṭarīḳa, at once the spiritual and the temporal director of his group, must possess all moral qualities: he ought to be high-souled, austere, endowed with all the virtues, he must also possess all knowledge. Favoured by God who has endowed him with baraka (grace), he is the intermediary between the divinity and man. He has a perfect knowledge of the divine law or s̲h̲arīʿa [q. v.]; he knows the wic…

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Cour, A., “S̲h̲aik̲h̲”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 09 August 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_5572>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936

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