(71 words)

as̲h̲rāf (A, s. S̲h̲arīf) : in India, ~ denoted Muslims of foreign ancestry. They were further divided into sayyid (th…

Cite this page
“as̲h̲rāf”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms, Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Banquis, C.E. Bowworth, E. van Donzel, W. P. Heinrichs Bowworth. Consulted online on 19 October 2018 <>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 97890041444484, PAGES 137-592, 20090501

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