(3,186 words)

, an appellation [see the preceding art.] made specially famous by Sayyid ʿAlī Muḥammad of S̲h̲īrāz, the founder of the new religion of the Bābīs [q.v.] and, according to the Bahāʾīs [q.v.] the precursor of the new prophet Bahāʾ Allāh [q.v.]. He is also called by his disciples Nuḳṭa-i ūlā (‘the first point’) or Ḥaḍrat-i aʿlā (‘the supreme presence’).

Sayyid ʿAlī Muḥammad was born at S̲h̲īrāz, of a merchant family, on 1 Muḥarram 1235/20 October 1819 (but according to other sources, exactly a year later, 9 October 1820); becomi…

Cite this page
Bausani, A., “Bāb”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 15 February 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0079>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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