(2,288 words)

etymologically signifies an effort directed towards a determined objective. (Cf. id̲j̲tihād: the work of the scholar-jurists in seeking the solution of legal problems; mud̲j̲āhada or, again, d̲j̲ihād : an effort directed upon oneself for the attainment of moral and religious perfection. Certain writers, particularly among those of S̲h̲īʿite persuasion, qualify This d̲j̲ihād as “spiritual d̲j̲ihād” and as “the greater d̲j̲ihād”, in opposition to the d̲j̲ihād which is our present concern and which is called “physical d̲j̲ihād” or “the lesser d̲j̲ihād”. It is, however, very m…

Cite this page
Tyan, E., “D̲j̲ihād”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 16 February 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0189>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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