(5,300 words)

(a.), pl. of Ḥanbalī, denotes the followers of the school of theology, law and morality which grew up from the teaching of Aḥmad b. Ḥanbal (d. 241/855 [q.v.]) whose principal works, the Musnad and the responsa ( masāʾil ), had begun to be codified even during the lifetime of their author. Ḥanbalism, while being hostile to the very principle of speculative theology ( kalām ) and to esoteric Ṣūfism ( ḥulūl , maʿrifa , ibāḥa ) did not develop in complete isolation. A great number of Ḥanbali authors were themselves dogmatic theologians or Ṣūfīs. The often intransigent rig…

Cite this page
Laoust, H., “Ḥanābila”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 16 December 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0263>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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