Ibn Rus̲h̲d
(13,412 words)

Abu ’l-Walīd Muḥammad b. Aḥmad b. Muḥammad b. Rus̲h̲d, al-Ḥafīd (the grandson), the “Commentator of Aristotle”, famous in the Mediaeval West under the name of Averroes, scholar of the Ḳurʾānic sciences and the natural sciences (physics, medicine, biology, astronomy), theologian and philosopher.

I. Life . He was born at Cordova in 520/1126 and died at Marrākus̲h̲ in 595/1198. The Arabic biographical sources are: Ibn al-Abbār, Takmila , BAH, vi, no. 853; Ibn Abī Uṣaybiʿa, ʿUyūn ; al-Anṣāri, supplement to the dictionaries of Ibn Bas̲h̲kuwāl and of Ibn al-Abbār (notice pu…

Cite this page
Arnaldez, R., “Ibn Rus̲h̲d”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 17 November 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0340>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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