Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(Ar. Ḳumm, current Persian pronunciation G̲h̲om rather than Ḳum), a city of central Iran (Media in ancient times, later D̲j̲ibāl or ʿIrāḳ-i ad̲j̲am) situated in lat. 34°38′ N. and long. 50°58′ E., 150 km. to the south of Tehran. It is the capital of a s̲h̲āhristān of the Central Province ( Ustān-i markazī ) and the ninth city of Iran, with a population of 246,873 in 1976. Situated on the great northwest/south-east axis, which follows the foothills of the central Iranian range and skirts the fold of the Zagros, it lies at the junction of all the r…

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Calmard, J., “Ḳum”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 03 July 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0539>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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