(9,119 words)

(a.), originally designates “a ladder”, and then “an ascent”, and in particular, the Prophet’s ascension to Heaven.

1. In Islamic exegesis and in the popular and mystical tradition of the Arab world.

The Ḳurʾān (LXXXI, 19-25, LIII, 1-21) describes a vision in which a divine messenger appears to Muḥammad, and LIII, 12-18, treats of a second mission of a similar kind. In both cases, the Prophet sees a heavenly figure approach him from the distance, but there is no suggestion that he himself was carried away to Heaven. However, i…

Cite this page
Schrieke, B., Horovitz, J., Bencheikh, J.E., Knappert, J. and Robinson, B.W., “Miʿrād̲j̲”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 16 February 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0746>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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