(29,304 words)

, the Prophet of Islam.

1. The Prophet’s life and career.

2. The Prophet in popular Muslim piety.

3. The Prophet’s image in Europe and the West.

1. The Prophet’s life and career. Belief that Muḥammad is the Messenger of God ( Muḥammadun rasūlu ’llāh ) is second only to belief in the Oneness of God ( lā ilāha illā ’llāh ) according to the s̲h̲ahāda [q.v.], the quintessential Islamic creed. Muḥammad has a highly exalted role at the heart of Muslim faith. At the same time the Ḳurʾān and Islamic orthodoxy insist that he was fully human with no supernatural powers.

That Muḥammad was one of the greate…

Cite this page
Buhl, F., Welch, A.T., Schimmel, Annemarie, Noth, A. and Ehlert, Trude, “Muḥammad”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 18 November 2018 <>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

▲   Back to top   ▲