(3,069 words)

, verbal noun from the root s-m-ʿ (like samʿ and simʿ ), signifying "hearing"; by extension, it often denotes "that which is heard", such as music, for example. The same applies to istimāʿ "listening" (Lane, Lexicon , 1427b, 1429b; LʿA , s.v.)

1. In music and mysticism.

The term is not found in the Ḳurʾān, but it exists in ancient Arabic, even in the sense of song or of musical performance (Lane, 1617b, s.v. mus̲h̲ār ). In lexicology and in grammar, it signifies "that which is founded on authority", as opposed to ḳiyāsī "founded on analogy" (de Sacy, Grammaire , i, 347, and Lane, 1429b). In …

Cite this page
During, J. and Sellheim, R., “Samāʿ”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 20 November 2018 <>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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