Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(2,273 words)

(a.), with Ṣiyām , maṣdar from the root s-w-m; the two terms are used indiscriminately. The original meaning of the word in Arabic is “to be at rest” (Th. Nöldeke, Neue Beiträge zur sem. Sprachw ., Strassburg 1910, 36, n. 3; see previously, S. Fränkel, De vocab. ... in Corano peregrinis, Leiden 1880, 20: “quiescere” ). The meaning “fasting” may have been taken from Judaeo-Aramaic and Syriac usage, when Muḥammad became better acquainted with the institution of fasting in Medina; This is the sense of the word in the Medinan sūras.

Origin ofthe rite. That fasting was an unknown practice …

Cite this page
C.C. Berg-[Ed.], “Ṣawm”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 23 April 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_1008>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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