al-S̲h̲āfiʿī
(4,633 words)

, al-Imām Abū ʿAbd Allāh Muḥammad b. Idrīs b. al-ʿAbbās b. ʿUt̲h̲mān b. S̲h̲āfiʿ b. al-Sāʾib b. ʿUbayd b. ʿAbd Yazīd b. Hās̲h̲im b. al-Muṭṭalib b. ʿAbd Manāf b. Ḳuṣayy al-Ḳuras̲h̲ī, the eponym, rather than the founder, of the S̲h̲āfiʿī school ( mad̲h̲hab ) [q.v.].

1. Life.

The biographers are all agreed in dating the birth of al-S̲h̲āfiʿī in 150/767, the year of the death of Abū Ḥanīfa [q.v.], a tradition, related by al-Āburī (d. 363/974) and often disputed, placing the two events on the very same day. According to the most ancient preserved source (Ibn Abī Ḥātim al-Rāzī (d. 327/939), Ādāb al-…

Cite this page
Chaumont, E., “al-S̲h̲āfiʿī”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 16 November 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_1020>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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