Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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S̲h̲ams
(4,027 words)

(a.), the sun (f).

1. In Pre-Islamic Arab lore.

This was a divinity worshipped in the Semitic world, especially in Assyria-Babylonia (cf. its attributes in K. Tallqvist, Akkadische Götterepitheta , Helsinki 1938, 453 ff.) and in South Arabia, where the plurals s̲h̲ums (for s̲h̲umūs ) given by Yāḳūt (ed. Beirut, iii, 362) for this ṣanam or idol, ʾs̲h̲ms and the dual s̲h̲msy (G. Ryckmans, Les noms propres sudsémitiques , Louvain 1934-5, i, 33; A. Jamme, Le panthéon sud-arabe préislamique d’après les sources épigraphiques , in Muséon , lx [1947], 101 ff.) denote the titulary divinities…

Cite this page
Fahd, T., Dalen, B. van and Milstein, Rachel, “S̲h̲ams”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 21 June 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_1034>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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