Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(10,060 words)

(a.), medicine.

1. Medicine in the Islamic world.

Medical care in the Islamic world was pluralistic, with various practices serving different needs and sometimes intermingling. This medical pluralism allowed pre-Islamic traditional and magical practices to flourish alongside medical theories inherited from the Hellenistic world and drug lore acquired from India and elsewhere. The medical practices of pre-Islamic Arabia appear to have continued as the dominant form of care into the early days of the Umay…

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Savage-Smith, Emilie, Klein-Franke, F. and Zhu, Ming, “Ṭibb”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 21 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_1216>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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