(2,935 words)

, Abū ʿAbd Allāh Muḥammad b. ʿAlī al-Ḥakīm , eminent mystic.

Numerous dates have been suggested for his birth and death; according to any of these he would have lived more than one hundred years. He was probably born in the first decade of the 3rd/9th century, in Tirmid̲h̲ [q.v.] (where Buddhism and Manichaeism in particular had preceded Islam). The most plausible date for his death is located between 318/936 and 320/938. The little that is known of his life mostly derives from his Badʾ s̲h̲aʾn al-Ḥakīm al-Tirmid̲h̲ī which, rather than being an autobiography, represents his spirit…

Cite this page
Marquet, Y., “al-Tirmid̲h̲ī”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 13 December 2018 <>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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