Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(10,125 words)

(a.), pl. of ʿālim , active participle of ʿalima , "to know, to be aware of", denotes scholars of almost all disciplines ( lug̲h̲a , bayān , ḥisāb , etc. [q.vv.]). However, the term refers more specifically to the scholars of the religious sciences ( faḳīh , mufassir , muftī , muḥaddit̲h̲ , mutakallim , ḳāriʾ etc. [q.vv.]), considered here exclusively in the context of Sunnism, where they are regarded as the guardians, transmitters and interpreters of religious knowledge, of Islamic doctrine and law; the term also embraces those who fulfil religious f…

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Gilliot, Cl., Repp, R.C., Nizami, K.A., Hooker, M.B., Lin, Chang-Kuan and Hunwick, J.O., “ʿUlamāʾ”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 27 October 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_1278>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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