(2,752 words)

(a.), the “lesser pilgrimage”, al-ḥad̲j̲d̲j̲ al-ṣag̲h̲īr , one of the acts of devotion ( ʿibāda [q.v.]) forming part of the Muslim ritual.

1. Etymology

Muslim scholars claiming authority in linguistic matters put forward two possible original senses of the word ʿumra . The first is that the term is said to have had, like the word ḥad̲j̲d̲j̲ . [q.v.] “pilgrimage”, the sense of “making one’s way towards some place or person” ( al-ḳaṣd ). The second, more frequently proposed, is that the term would mean more precisely “visit” ( al-ziyāra ). See al-Azharī, al-Zāhir fī alfāẓ al-S̲h̲āfiʿī , Beir…

Cite this page
Paret, R. and Chaumont, E., “ʿUmra”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 12 December 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_1292>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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