Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

Get access

(14,750 words)

(a.), vizier or chief minister.

I. In the Arab World

1. The ʿAbbāsids.


The term wazīr occurs in the Ḳurʾān (XXV, 35: “We gave Moses the book and made his brother Aaron a wazīr with him”), where it has the sense of “helper”, a meaning well attested in early Islamic poetry (for examples, see Goitein, The origin of the vizierate, 170-1). Though several scholars have proposed Persian origins for the term and for the institution, there is no compelling reason to doubt the Arabic …

Cite this page
Zaman, Muhammad Qasim, Bianquis;, Th., Eddé, Anne-Marie, Carmona, A., Lambton, Ann K.S and Halil İnalcik, “Wazīr”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 23 July 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_1346>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

▲   Back to top   ▲