(18,610 words)

(a.), the obligatory payment by Muslims of a determinate portion of specified categories of their lawful property for the benefit of the poor and other enumerated classes or, as generally in Ḳurʾānic usage, the portion of property so paid.

1. Introduction.

There is disagreement as to when the obligation of zakāt was imposed: according to a common opinion, this occurred in the month of S̲h̲awwāl of the year 2/624 after the introduction of zakāt al-fiṭr in S̲h̲aʿbān of the same year, or, according to others, at the same time as zakāt al-fiṭr. Others place its introduction in the year 1…

Cite this page
Zysow, A., “Zakāt”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 18 November 2018 <>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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