(66 words)

(a.), literally, “one who enters into a covenant or agreement ( ʿahd ) with someone”, applied in mediaeval Islamic times to those “People of the Book” who submitted to the Arab conquerors of the Middle East on condition of an ʿahd or of d̲h̲imma [q.v.] “protection”. See for these muʿhidūn , ahl al-kitāb , amān , and in the context of al-Andalus, mozarabs .

Cite this page
“Muʿāhid”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 14 November 2018 <>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

▲   Back to top   ▲