al-Afḍal
(97 words)

b. ṣalāḥ al-dīn , in full al-malik al-afḍal abu ’l-ḥasan ʿalī nūr al-dīn , the eldest son of Saladin (Ṣalāḥ al-Dīn, [q.v.]), b. 565/1169-70, d. at Sumaysāṭ 622/1225. On Saladin’s death he was recognized as ruler of Damascus and head of the Ayyūbid family, but owing to his incapacity and self-indulgence he lost successively Damascus, Egypt, and all his Syrian fiefs, and ended as a dependent of the Sald̲j̲ūḳ sultan of Rūm. See ayyūbids .

Bibliography

Ibn Ḵh̲allikān, no. 459

Abū S̲h̲āma, Ḏh̲ayl al-Rawḍatayn, 145

Ibn Tag̲h̲rībīrdī, Nud̲j̲ūm, vi, index

Maḳrīzī, Sulūk, i, index.

Cite this page
Gibb, H.A.R., “al-Afḍal”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 13 November 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_0337>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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