Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(371 words)

, Pampeluna, Span. Pamplona, a town in the north of Spain, chief-town of the province of Navarre, with a present population of about 80,000. No Arab geographer has left us an accurate description of Pampeluna in the late Middle Ages. The Rawḍ al-Miʿṭār , which devotes most space to it, depicts the town as the capital of the land of the Basques ( Vascones , Ar. Bas̲h̲kunis̲h̲ [q.v.]), a group of mountain tribes established on the southern slopes and at the western end of the Pyrenees, not far from the Atlantic Ocean. Their territory bounded, in the West, the land called al-Alaba wa ’l-Ḳilāʿ [q.v.],…

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Lévi-Provençal, E. and Huici Miranda, A., “Banbalūna”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 06 December 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_1172>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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