(787 words)

(Ar.), literally “to send, set in motion”; as a technical term in theology it means either the sending of prophets or the resurrection.

1. The Muʿtazila [q.v.] said that God could not have done otherwise than send prophets to teach men religion as He must do the best He can for men; orthodoxy denied this but held that the sending of prophets was dictated by divine wisdom. One of the reasons for condemning Brahmins and the Sumaniyya was that they denied the existence of prophets.

2. Philosophy taught that resurrection ( baʿt̲h̲ , nas̲h̲r , nus̲h̲ūr ) was of the soul only so orthodoxy conde…

Cite this page
Tritton, A.S., “Baʿt̲h̲”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 18 November 2018 <>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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