(1,469 words)

, a name given (a) to the Ismāʿīlīs in medieval times, referring to their stress on the bāṭin , the “inward” meaning behind the literal wording of sacred texts; and (b), less specifically, to anyone accused of rejecting the literal meaning of such texts in favour of the bāṭin.

(a) Among the Ismāʿīlīs [q.v.] and some related S̲h̲īʿī groups there developed a distinctive type of taʾwīl [q.v.], scriptural interpretation, which may be called bāṭinī . It was symbolical or allegoristic in its method, sectarian in its aims, hierarchically imparted, and secret. All branches o…

Cite this page
Hodgson, M.G.S., “Bāṭiniyya”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 20 November 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_1284>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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