(770 words)

(his full name is abū ʿabd allāh muḥammad b. d̲j̲ābir b. sinān al-battānī al-ḥarrānī al-ṣābīʾ ), the Albȧtegni or Albatenius of our mediaeval authors, one of the greatest of Arab astronomers, was born before 244 (858) very probably at Ḥarrān or in its neighbourhood; the origin of the niṣba al-Battānī is quite uncertain. His family formerly professed the Sabian religion, whence the name al-Ṣābiʾ although our author was a Muslim. He spent almost his whole life at al-Raḳḳa on the left bank of the Euphrates, where several families from Ḥarrān had…

Cite this page
Nallino, C.A., “al-Battānī”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 22 February 2019 <>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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