Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(292 words)

( ), also buyrultu, buyurdu, etc., order of an Ottoman grand vizier, vizier, beglerbegi , defterdār , or other high official to a subordinate. The term is derived from the word buyuruldi̊ , ‘it has been ordered’, in which the order usually ends and which gradually developed into a conventional sign. Buyuruldu s are of two main types: a) decisions written in the margin ( der kenār ) of an incoming petition or report, often ordering that a fermān (or berāt , etc.) be issued to a certain effect (cf. Ḳānūnnāme-i Āl-i ʿUt̲h̲mān , TOEM, Suppl., 1330, 16); b) orders issued independently ( reʾsen , beyāḍ ü…

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Heyd, U., “Buyuruldu”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 28 January 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_1571>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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