(3,303 words)

, meeting, assembly. In the religious language of Islam it denotes “the whole company of believers”, d̲j̲amāʿat al-muʾminīn , and hence its most usual meaning of “Muslim community”, d̲j̲amāʿa islāmiyya . In this sense d̲j̲amāʿa is almost synonymous with umma [q.v.]. The two terms must, however, be distinguished.

The term umma is Ḳurʾānic. It means “people”, “nation”, and is used in the plural ( umam ). It acquires its religious significance particularly in the Medina period when it becomes, in the singular, “the nation of the Prophet”, “the Community, e.g., Ḳurʾān III, 110, etc.). T…

Cite this page
Gardet, L. and Berque, J., “D̲j̲amāʿa”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 21 November 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_1960>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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