(3,066 words)

, “the camel” is the name of the famous battle which took place in the month of D̲j̲umādā II 36/November-December 656 near al-Baṣra between the Caliph ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib on the one hand, and the Prophet’s widow ʿĀʾis̲h̲a [q.v.] with the Companions of the Prophet Ṭalḥa b. ʿUbayd Allāh al-Taymī and al-Zubayr b. al-ʿAwwām [qq.v.] on the other. At that time it was these two companions who, after ʿAlī, had most authority among the Muslims.

ʿĀʾis̲h̲a was completing the ʿumra in Mecca when she learned of the assassination of the Caliph ʿUt̲h̲mān b. ʿAffān, and, on the way back to M…

Cite this page
Veccia Vaglieri, L., “al-D̲j̲amal”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 16 February 2019 <>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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