al-Fuḍayl b. ʿIyāḍ
(225 words)

, Abū ʿAlī al-Tālaḳānī, of the tribe of Tamīmī, an early Ṣūfī, disciple of Sufyān al-T̲h̲awrī, was born in Samarḳand, grew up in Abiward, and in his youth was a highway robber. After his conversion, he betook himself to the study of Ḥadīt̲h̲ at Kūfa. He was summoned to give ascetic addresses to Hārūn al-Ras̲h̲īd, who called him “The chief of the Muslims”. He settled in Mecca and died there 187/803.

Mentioned frequently as a transmitter of Traditions, he was also a noted ascetic and advocate of other-worldliness, known as one who lived with God. “The servant’s fear…

Cite this page
Smith, M., “al-Fuḍayl b. ʿIyāḍ”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 24 January 2019 <>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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