Ḥirāʾ
(190 words)

also written Ḥarāʾ , and without hamza ), a mountain three Arabian miles to the north-east of Mecca, often mentioned along with another mountain opposite, T̲h̲abīr [q.v.]. It was near the s̲h̲iʿb or quarter of the family of al-Ak̲h̲nas, on the left of the pilgrim road to ʿIrāḳ.

Muḥammad is said to have been in the habit of spending a month each year in a cave on Ḥirāʾ engaged in taḥannut̲h̲ , presumably some form of religious devotion, and to have been visited here by an angel (Ibn His̲h̲ām, 152; cf. Ṭabarī, i, 1147 f., 1155); this experience is sometimes identified with the beginning of revel…

Cite this page
Weir, T.H. and Watt, W. Montgomery, “Ḥirāʾ”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 20 November 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_2890>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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