Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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His̲h̲ām I
(543 words)

, Abu ’l-Walīd , called al-Riḍā , the second Umayyad ruler of Muslim Spain, succeeded his father ʿAbd al-Raḥmān I [q.v.] on Ḏj̲umādā I 172/October 788, or according to Ibn al-Abbār one year earlier. He was then 30 years old, having been born in Cordova in 139/757, i.e. after his father’s arrival in al-Andalus. Though the designated heir, His̲h̲ām I was obliged to fight for his inheritance and campaigned successfully in person against his elder brother Sulaymān and another brother, ʿAbd Allāh al-Balansī, ‘the Valencian’, in 172 and 173/788-89…

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Dunlop, D.M., “His̲h̲ām I”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 06 December 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_2902>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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