Muḥammad b. Aḥmad al-Iskandarānī
(306 words)

, Arab physician, hence referred to as al-ṭabīb , who is regarded as the first Ḳurʾān interpreter in modern times who discusses non-Arab occidental sciences in Ḳurʾān commentaries. In 1880 he published Kas̲h̲f al-asrār al-nūrāniyya al-Ḳurʾāniyya in Cairo, a few years before the British occupation of Egypt. According to its title and subtitle, this book solves the Ḳurʾānic secrets of “celestial bodies, the earth, animals, plants and minerals”.

In 1299/1881-2 he seems to have moved to Damascus, where he published in 1883 a second book entitled Tibyān al-asrār al-rabbāniyya fi ’l-na…

Cite this page
Jansen, J.J.G., “Muḥammad b. Aḥmad al-Iskandarānī”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 13 November 2018 <>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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