Muḥammad b. Ṭug̲h̲d̲j̲ b. D̲j̲uff b. Yiltakīn b. Fūrān b. Fūrī b. K̲h̲āḳān, Abū Bakr, al-Ik̲h̲s̲h̲īd
(268-334/882-946), governor in Egypt and Syria during the 4th/10th century.
He was the third generation of his family to serve the ʿAbbāsid dynasty. He was officially designated by the caliph al-Rāḍī with the title al-Ik̲h̲s̲h̲īd in 327/939 after having requested it the preceding year. The dynasty which he established is known as the Ik̲h̲s̲h̲īdids.
Born in Bag̲h̲dād on 15 Rad̲j̲ab 268/8 February 882, Muḥammad b. ṭug̲h̲d̲j̲ spent part of his youth in Ṭūlūnid [see aḥmad b. Ṭūlūn] lands in Syria and Palestine, gaining military and administrative experience whilst serving …
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“Muḥammad b. Ṭug̲h̲d̲j̲ b. D̲j̲uff b. Yiltakīn b. Fūrān b. Fūrī b. K̲h̲āḳān, Abū Bakr, al-Ik̲h̲s̲h̲īd”, in:
Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs.
Consulted online on 19 November 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_5369>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007