Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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al-Rāzī
(3,876 words)

, Abū Bakr Muḥammad b. Zakariyyāʾ , known to the Latins as Rhazes (ca. 250/854-313/925 or 323/935), physician, philosopher and alchemist.

The most free-thinking of the major philosophers of Islam, al-Rāzī was born in Rayy, where he was well trained in the Greek sciences. He was reputedly well versed in musical theory and performance before becoming a physician. His work in alchemy takes a new, more empirical and naturalistic approach than that of the Greeks or D̲j̲ābir, and he brought the same empirical spirit to me…

Cite this page
Goodman, L.E., “al-Rāzī”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 21 July 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_6267>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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