(a.), lit. “the predecessors and the successors”, names given to the first three generations and to the following generations of the Muslim community respectively.
It was the Sunna [q.v.] rather than the Ḳurʾān which instituted one of the most characteristic traits of the Islamic vision of history by imposing the idea a priori that this history was said to have begun with a golden age, which was said to have been inevitably followed by a period of relaxation of standards, deviation and finally of division. A saying of the …
Cite this page
“al-Salaf wa ’l-K̲h̲alaf”, in:
Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs.
Consulted online on 24 September 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_6515>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007