ʿUmar (I) b. al-K̲h̲aṭṭāb
(3,271 words)

, the second caliph (r. 13/634-23/644), one of the great figures of early Islam, a driving force behind the early conquests and the creation of the early Islamic empire.

There is some contradiction among the historical and biographical traditions on ʿUmar b. al-Ḵh̲aṭṭāb, and many of these contain exaggerated or legendary deails. However, a consistent character emerges out of this material: stern, strong-willed, prone to anger, devoted to Muḥammad, the Ḳurʾān and Islam, ʿUmar seems to have had a coherent political programme during and even before his caliphate.

ʿUmar reportedly bega…

Cite this page
Levi Della Vida, G. and Bonner, M., “ʿUmar (I) b. al-K̲h̲aṭṭāb”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 16 February 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_7707>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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