Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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ʿAbd al- Raḥmān b. ʿAwf
(199 words)

, originally called ʿAbd ʿAmr or ʿAbd al-Kaʿba, the most prominent early Muslim convert from B. Zuhra of Ḳurays̲h̲. He took part in the Hid̲j̲ra to Abyssinia and in that to Medina, and fought at Badr and the other main battles. He commanded a force of 700 men sent by Muḥammad in S̲h̲aʿbān 6/December 627 to Dūmat al-Ḏj̲andal; the Christian chief, al-Aṣbag̲h̲ (or al-Aṣyaʿ) al-Kalbī, became a Muslim and made a ‘treaty, and ʿAbd al-Raḥmān married his daughter Tumāḍir (but cf. Caetani, Annali , i, 700). By his shrewdness and skill as a merchant he made an enormous fortune. Politic…

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Houtsma, M.Th. and Watt, W. Montgomery, “ʿAbd al-Raḥmān b. ʿAwf”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 31 March 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_0113>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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