Abu ’l-ʿAbbās al-Saffāḥ
(585 words)

, ʿAbd Allāh b. Muḥammad b. ʿAlī b. ʿAbd Allāh b. al-ʿAbbās , the first ʿAbbāsid caliph. The surname al-Saffāḥ means "the blood thirsty" or "the generous". With the other members of the ʿAbbāsid family, he took refuge in Kūfa in Ṣafar 132/Sept.-Oct. 749, shortly after the occupation of the town by al-Ḥasan b. Ḳaḥṭaba and was proclaimed as caliph in the great mosque on 12 Rabīʿ II/28 November, on which occasion he pronounced a famous speech.

The first task of Abu ’l-ʿAbbās was the total defeat of the Umayyads. The ʿAbbasid troops, under the command of his uncle ʿAbd Allāh…

Cite this page
Moscati, S., “Abu ’l-ʿAbbās al-Saffāḥ”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 12 December 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_0150>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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