(2,270 words)

, the father of mankind (Abu’l-Bas̲h̲ar). In the Ḳurʾān it is related that when God had created what is on the earth and in the heavens he said to the angels: "I am about to place a substitute ( k̲h̲alīfa ) on earth", and they said: "Wilt thou place thereon one who will do evil therein and shed blood, whereas we celebrate thy praise and sanctify thee?" Then God taught Adam the names of all things, and as the angels did not know the names Adam taught them these (ii, 28-33 Fl.). Thereafter God ordered the angels to prostrate themselve…

Cite this page
Pedersen, J., “Ādam”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 10 December 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_0295>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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