Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(2,443 words)

Arabic for Plato, the Greek philosopher, who became, together with Aristotle, the standard philosopher in late Greek philosophy.

(i) Works and doctrine; (ii) Lives; (iii) Sayings.

(i) Plato is known to Arab authors according to the different ways in which his genuine works or those erroneously attributed to him were read and studied in the Greek sections of the Roman Empire during the centuries preceding the Arab conquest of Hellenized lands in the Eastern Mediterranean. Most Arab thinkers did not consider Plato the main representative of Greek thought as St. Augustine e. g. had done ( Civ…

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Walzer, R., “Aflāṭūn”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 09 December 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0023>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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