Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(539 words)

, a word used in eastern Turkish generally to mean "elder brother", sometimes in contrast to ini , "younger brother", but in Yakut ( āgā ) meaning "father" (cf. V. Thomsen, Inscriptions de l’Orkhon Déchifrécs , 98 ( āḳā )), in Koybal-Karag̲h̲asi̊ "grandfather" and "uncle", and in Čuwas̲h̲ "elder sister". Among the Mongols it appears already to have been used as an honorific, the princesses of the imperial family being designated by it (cf. Quatremère, Histoire des Mongols, xxxix-xl).

In Ottoman Turkish ag̲h̲a (usually pronounced āʾā or even ā ) means "chief", "master" and sometime…

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Bowen, H., “Ag̲h̲a”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 21 September 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_0361>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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