Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Ahl al-Ḥall wa’l-ʿAḳd
(213 words)

(this, though illogical, is the normal order of the words), “those who are qualified to unbind and to bind”, the representatives of the community of the Muslims who act on their behalf in appointing and deposing a caliph or another ruler [see bayʿa]. They must be Muslims, male, of age, free, ʿadl [q.v.], and capable of judging who is best qualified to hold the office. No fixed number of “electors” is required; according to the prevailing opinion, even the appointment made by one “elector” in the presence of two qualified witnesses is valid. This…

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Ed., “Ahl al-Ḥall wa’l-ʿAḳd”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 10 August 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_0381>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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