Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Aḥmad S̲h̲āh Durrānī
(1,804 words)

, the first of the Sadōzay rulers of Afg̲h̲ānistān and founder of the Durrānī empire, belonged to the Sadōzay section of the Popalzay clan of the Abdālī [q.v.] tribe of Afg̲h̲āns. In the early 18th century the Abdālīs were to be found chiefly around Harāt. Under their leader Zamān Ḵh̲ān, the father of Aḥmad Ḵh̲ān, they resisted Persian attempts to take Harāt until, in 1728, they were forced to submit to Nādir S̲h̲āh. Some time later they rebelled under Ḏh̲u’l-Fiḳār Ḵh̲ān, the brother of Aḥmad Ḵh̲ān, but were once more defeated by the Persian ruler who, in 1731, cap…

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Davies, C. Collin, “Aḥmad S̲h̲āh Durrānī”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 14 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_0423>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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