Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(4,063 words)

(plural of k̲h̲uluḳ , "innate disposition"), ethics.

(i) survey of ethics in islam.

1. Islamic ethics took shape only gradually and the tradition of the different elements of which it is composed was not finally established before the 5th/11th century. Unlike the Greek world, in which popular ethics were refined and reshaped by philosophical reasoning without any breach between them, and with no perceptible influence of any foreign doctri…

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Walzer, R. and Gibb, H.A.R., “Ak̲h̲lāḳ”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 07 December 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0035>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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