Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(770 words)

, mīrzā fatḥ ʿalī (1812-78) was the first writer of original plays in a Turkish idiom. The son of a trader who hailed from Persian Ād̲h̲arbayd̲j̲ān, he was born in 1811 (according to Caferoǧlu) or 1812 (according to the Soviet Encyclopaedia , 1950) in S̲h̲ēkī, the present-day Nūk̲h̲ā. Thanks to the assistance of a relative he was able to avail himself of a good literary and philosophical education, which brought him into closer touch with liberal ideas than the actual calling which he intended to follow, that of an Islamic theologian. After instruction from a divine in Gand̲j̲a (Ḳ…

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Brands, H.W., “Āk̲h̲und-Zāda”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 12 July 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_0475>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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